Manifestation of nature in the poetry of Attar and Molavi

1Fereshteh Taheri, Dr. Mohammad Shah Badizadeh, Dr. Ali Ahmadpour

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Abstract:

Nature has "shaped richness" (Hegel, 1363: 133) and infinite possibilities that have long been the primary source of creation (Reid, 1384: 144) and the field in which it is constantly created and Innovation is important; It has also been considered as an investment in artistic creativity. Those who have created works of art with an approach to nature, have enjoyed infinite possibilities and baggage. They themselves, like nature, have created and invented (Shaleh, 1357: 50) and by creating a world like nature, they have been able to strengthen the connection between man and nature. The poets of the early centuries of Persian poetry imitated more than descriptive Arabic poems, and these poems were full of words of elements of nature such as camel, desert, atlal, etc., which in this way in the manifestation of nature is called imitation naturalism. Be. Some poets also report on nature and describe nature, its elements and components, which is called descriptive naturalism, and finally interpretive naturalism. Nature as a symbol or allegory in poetry It is used. These poems are mostly found in new and new poems (Shah Hosseini, 2001: 90). Iran has a special geographical dispersion and this dispersion did not cause the color and glaze of Persian poems to change due to the large climatic differences; The only difference that can be seen in the classical poems is the similes and the use of rhetoric and their specific artistic language.

Keywords:

nature, manifestation, seventh century, image, Attar, Rumi

Paper Details
Month12
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 10
Pages6709-6729

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