Dharma Theory: A Critical Analysis in Four Schools of Buddhism

1Dr. Bishnu Borah and Nandini Deka

283 Views
74 Downloads
Abstract:

Dharma is very important notion in Buddhisim. Dharma is that which bears (dhārana), the self-characteristics and common characteristics of a person. All four schools of Buddhism explain the dharma theory according to their philosophy that varies in their understanding of the concept of person. In a general sense dharma refers to the categories that constitute the physical world and the person. Thus, dharma is the means to achieve prajñā (supreme knowledge) and Nirvāna, the supreme dharma. But at the same time, extinguishing of the defilements is possible through the discernment of the dharmas. Different schools of Buddhism have given different interpretations regarding the nature of dharma and its kinds on the basis of their own philosophy. This paper intends to critically analyze the concept of dharma and its kinds in main four schools of Buddhism.

Keywords:

Dharma, Mind, Nirvāna, Prajñā, Skandha.

Paper Details
Month12
Year2019
Volume23
IssueIssue 4
Pages1556-1562