Enmakaje: A Prototype for Psycho-Social Anomaly and The Politics of Remonstrance

1Jyothi Lekshmi G

2S. Prabahar

1Research Scholar, Department of English, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abhishekapatti, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu,
2Professor of English &Dean, Faculty of Indian and Other Languages, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abhishekapatti, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu


This article aims to examine the lived experiences of individuals affected by endosulfan in Kerala, as depicted in Ambikasuthan Mangad's Enmakaje (2009). This article examines the progression of ecological degradation in a once tranquil region, which can be attributed to the influence of crony capitalism and its promotion of industrial monoculture. The article highlights how this process has resulted in the estrangement of humanity and has led to both environmental and social marginalisation. The metabolic processes occurring in the natural world and its organisms are fundamental, emphasising the profound importance of transitioning from an individualistic perspective (“ego”) to one that recognises the interconnectedness of all living systems (“eco”). Furthermore, the study emphasises the necessity of effective government interventions to address the metabolic rift that has emerged between human society and the natural environment, which has been exacerbated by the introduction of agrochemical endosulfan.


living reality, ecological deprecations, crony capitalism, monoculture, environmental exclusion, metabolic rift.

Paper Details
IssueIssue 10