Professional Victimization Among Police Officials inTrivandrum District, Kerala
1Rajmohan R. Pillai
2Lt. Dr. R. Sivakumar
1Research Scholar, Reg.No: 1813401271073, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu,
2Assistant Professor & Supervisor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu
Police is a force where a team of people work to prevent crimes and enforce law in the society. The word "POLICE" is deriving from Greek word "polis" meaning state. The full form of police is public officer for legal investigations and criminal emergencies. They are uniformed individuals who are responsible for keeping law and order intact. Police works all over, the world they had their own divisions and work as a team to protect people and prevent from crime. The professional police force in the world was first established in September 29, 1829 in London. After, In British Indian government introduces Indian council's act 1861. Under this act new police force named, superior police service (sps) was formed. In 1905, it is termed as Indian imperial police. In 1948, after independent the police force termed as Indian police service (IPS). In Indian history one can discern two distinct police system: a rural village-based system and system emanating from the dominant section of the society.