Passive Control Reinforced Concrete Frame Mechanism with High Strength Reinforcements and Its Potential Benefits Against Earthquakes
1Jacinth Jennifer, R.Ramesh Kumar, Dhivya S Shreedharan M.D and Jeganathan M
Severe earthquakes continue to cause major catastrophes. Many devices in active, hybrid, and semi-active structural control systems which are used as controllable force devices are costly to build and maintain. The passive control reinforced concrete frame (PCRCF) reinforced with high strength steel only in the columns presented here provides structural systems more resistance to lateral earthquake loadings at comparatively lower cost. The effectiveness is demonstrated by a nonlinear static analysis using fiber model for a single story single bay frame. The study shows that the use of high performance steel in columns pre- vents formation of plastic hinges at the critical column base sections and failures are always initiated by re- inforcement yielding at the beam ends. Furthermore, after experiencing severe lateral drift, the passive con- trol design has small residual displacements compared to ordinary reinforced concrete frames. PCRCF re- habilitation and strengthening can be achieved more easily as compared with ordinary reinforced concrete frame.
earthquake, passive control, high strength reinforcement, failure mechanism, residual displacement