Agewise Oral Health Status Of Aurangabad District

1Bharat B Chavan, Seema S Salve

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Abstract:

<strong><em>Introduction</em></strong> <em>Oral health is a very important component of general health and is indispensable for the wellbeing and good quality of life. Poor oral health affects growth negatively in all aspects of human development. Awareness about oral health amongst the Indian Population has increased over the years but at snail’s Pace.</em> <em>Some of the common oral diseases are dental caries, periodontal diseases, malocclusion, sub-mucosal fibrosis, oral cancer etc. Most of them like dental caries, periodontitis are preventable in nature if proper oral hygiene is maintained. Moreover mortality of many teeth can be prevented or delayed by routine dental check up and early intervention for the diseases. </em> <em>With this background the study was planned to assesss the agewise oral health status of Aurangabad district of Marathwada region.</em> <strong><em>Materials and Methods</em></strong> <em>It was a community based, prevalence study carried out in field practice area of Rural Health And Training Center, Paithan. Aurangabad District was chosen for the study because it is a capital place of Marathwada region. Sample selection was done using Pathfinder methodology from Urban I, Urban III and Rural areas. Five index age groups were included: 5-6 yrs, 12 yrs, 15-18 yrs, 35-44 yrs and above 65yrs and total sample size of 2400 was selected.</em> <em>The standard proforma was designed for Malocclusion, Community Periodontal Index and Treatment Needs (CPITN), Dentition Status, Dental Caries, Number of Teeth, Need for Dentures, Opacities and Enamel Disorders, And Treatment Needs according to WHO Oral Health Assessment Form.</em> <em>All the findings were recorded in the data sheet after thorough examination.</em> <strong><em>Statistical analysis: </em></strong><em>The data of respondents was collected and compiled. Prevalences were calculated. The proportions were compared using Chisquare test and the level of significance was set at P&lt;0.05.</em> <strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>In the present study </em><em>severe malocclusion was more common in 12 years age group. Whereas slight malocclusion was more prevalent 18 and 35-44 years age groups. Prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease increases with age and subsequently number of teeth decreases in later ages of life. Of the total subject, 1.20% of people showed hypoplasia and 16.87% of people showed attrition. </em> <strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> Epidemiological data on any disease serve very useful purpose - it helps in understanding the prevalence of disease in a given community, age and gender preference/bias, various causative/ modifying factors, and finally in strategic planning to curtail and prevent the diseases. On similar grounds our institute has conducted the study which would be beneficial for planning  further preventive strategies and treatment modalities.</em>

Keywords:

Oral Health, Periodontal disease, prevalence, Community Periodontal Index, Malocclusion, Dental Caries

Paper Details
Month1
Year2005
Volume9
Issue2005
Pages184-198