Prevalence of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in adult virgin females attendZagazig University Hospital

1SohaGalal Siam, BadeeaSeliemSoliman, Mohammed Ramadan Ali, *Omnia Abdallah Mohamed Abdallah

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Abstract:

Background:Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most prevalent endocrine and metabolic disorders in women of childbearing age. Thisstudy amid to determine the frequency of Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) among the young unmarried females to increase awareness of PCOS and to promote effective early medical interventions and healthy livesfor women. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 180 unmarried female between 16 to 24 yearsold attending gynecology and dermatology outpatient clinic suffering from menstrual abnormalities or symptoms of hyperandrogenism to estimate the prevalence rate of polycystic ovarian syndrome from May to November 2018.according todiagnostic criteria of the NIH, Rotterdam and the AE-PCOS. Menstrual irregularities (MI) were identified, and clinical hyperandrogenism was evaluated by self-assessment of hirsutism using modified Ferriman–Gallwey score. Blood analysis was done for measurement of prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and the androgenhormones.Results: this study revealed Prevalence rate of PCOS is 55.6% among the all presented cases, oligomenorrhea, acne and hirsutism were the most common complain in this study. Also this study showed that there is association between PCOS and sedentary life and unhealthy food habits. There was significant difference between PCOS and non PCOS in LH and prolactin level. There is disturbed LH \FSH ratio (2:1 or more).It also show that there was significant difference between PCOS and non PCOS in ovarian volume.Conclusions: Lifestyle modification as healthy food and excersise play important role in prevention of PCOS.

Keywords:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome [PCOS], Hyperandrogenism [HA], Hirsutism, Menstrual Irregularities [MI].

Paper Details
Month12
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 10
Pages6563-6577