The effectiveness of Self-care –training programs on promotion of the perceived stress in pre-eclampsia, A Clinical Trial study
1Fatemeh Ahmadinezhad, Mina Taheri, Fahimeh Hasanzadeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh*
Objective: Preeclampsia is one of the causes of maternal and neonatal mortality in the world. Lifestyle changes in pregnant women with hypertension can prevent future risks for mother and fetus. The aim was the effectiveness of Self-care –training programs on promotion of the perceived stress in pre-eclampsia, A Clinical Trial study. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was performed on 96 pregnant women with preeclampsia (48 patients per group) in selected hospitals of Shiraz in 2018. The self-care education was conducted. The control group received only routine pregnancy cares. The self-care and perceived stress scores and the correlation between the two groups were assessed. Data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson correlation, Chisquare, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. P-value of 0.05 was considered significant. Results: After intervention, the mean score of self-care in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group (p <0.001) and the mean score of perceived stress in the intervention group was significantly lower than that of the control group (p <0.001). There was no significant correlation between the scores of self-care and perceived stress in intervention (p = 0.89) and control (p = 0.88) groups. Conclusions: The intervention group had a significant increase in self-care score and a significant decrease in perceived stress score. There was no significant correlation between self-care and perceived stress scores in the intervention and control groups. It is suggested that self-care education programs be provided for patients with preeclampsia.
Self-care, Education in pregnancy, Perceived stress, Preeclampsia.