ORAL MANIFESTATIONS IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS- A CLINICAL STUDY

1Deeksheetha P, Syed, *Dhanraj Ganapathy

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Abstract:

Hypertension is a frequently encountered disease among dental patients. Hypertension is still a major risk factor for both cardio vascular and cerebro vascular diseases. The aim of the study find the nature of the oral manifestations in hypertensive patients presenting with dental ailments at Saveetha Dental college and hospitals. The study sample consists of 100 patients of ages above 40 years, who are both diagnosed with hypertension and also patients who are undiagnosed with any medical illness. All patients were from different socio-economic status. Periodontic pockets was assessed by using a William’s periodontal probe, mouth mirror, and Russell’s periodontal probe was used to asses the periodontal and gingival health of the patient. Oral changes mainly observed were gingivitis, periodontitis, lichenoid reactions, gingival hyperplasia, hyposalivation and facial nerve paralysis. Hyposalivation was noted by asking questions to the patient. Blood pressure was assessed by using an automated sphygmomanometer. Assessment of the patient’s blood pressure status by recording the patient’s systolic and diastolic blood pressure using an automatic sphygmomanometer is done. The periodontal status along with other oral manifestations like gingival bleeding, lichenoid reactions, and hyposalivation were also done. There is an increase in the number of patients seeking dental treatment with previously undiagnosed medical illness. In India, the prevalence of hypertension is about 60% and 36% in the urban and rural population respectively. An early diagnosis can aid in achieving a better medical and dental treatment for the patient.

Keywords:

Hypertension, gingivitis, periodontitis, gingival bleeding, Gingival inflammation.

Paper Details
Month3
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 3
Pages6642-6649