Awareness of TMJ disorders among Indian population

1Divya Rupawat, Vinay Sivaswamy, Tulsani Minal Gopal, Sanjana Devi N, *Dhanraj Ganapathy

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Abstract:

Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) represent a group of orofacial pain disorders that cause structural and functional changes in the temporomandibular joints and related structures. Prevalent clinical signs include pain, tenderness upon palpation, limited range of movement, and clicking sounds. A correct diagnosis and treatment, will resolve pain over time in most cases. Long-standing TMD without a correct diagnosis and treatment can sometimes give rise to chronic or persistent pain. This study aims to evaluate the awareness of TMJ disorders among Indian population. Aim: To evaluate the awareness of TMJ disorders among the general population in India . Material and methods: The survey was conducted in India, among different individuals using a standardised questionnaire. The questions were related to awareness of tmj disorders. A total of 15 close ended questions were included. All the questions were graded using ‘Bipolar scaling method’ to maintain balance and symmetry between the options. Survey was sent to 380 individuals across different states in India of all age groups, of which 334 individuals responded voluntarily. The data obtained was tabulated in SPSS for windows, Chi square test was done as well as descriptive data was obtained in the form of pie charts. Results: It was found that the awareness regarding clicking noises in the jaw joint was 64.1%, that frequent headaches cause tmj disorders was 31.7%. 26.3% were unaware of the treatment options available for jaw joint disorders. Conclusion: TMDs decrease the quality of life, and pose treatment challenges for the dentists. Therefore, every effort must be made for prevention and early diagnosis of TMDs. Various awareness programs should be conducted regarding tmds for Indian population so individuals can seek treatment when required.

Keywords:

TMJ disorders, jaw joint, clicking, tenderness, stress

Paper Details
Month2
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 2
Pages7448-7461