INDIAN KALINGA STYLE TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF SOME HINDU TEMPLES OF EASTERN ODISHA

1Dr. Ratnakar Mohapatra

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Abstract:

The region of eastern part of Odishais well-known for its historic antiquities and religious sanctuaries in India. This place not onlyattracts the scholars but also draws the attention of the art historians. All the extanttemples of Eastern Odisharepresent the Kalinga style temple architecture of India. Although the Nilakanthesvara temple of Denua is certainly a Saiva shrine, but here we can find a series of Vaishnavite deities preserved for the purpose of worship. The available Vaishnaviteimages in the temple site are the interesting study for the present scholars to know the peculiarity of the temple. Most of the detached sculptures of the temple contain the iconographic features of the Ganga art of Odisha. Though the Buddhakesvara temple is dedicated to Lord Buddhesvara Shiva still it’ssanctum preserves theVashnavite images of Radha-Krishna. It suggests that the temple site is a coordinating place of Saivism and Vaishnavism of the Hindu pantheon.There is a fine detached image of Buddhist goddess found in the north-west corner of the temple premises of Lord Trivenisvara. It is very interesting for the scholars and antiquarians for deep study. The sanctum of Durgatemple of Narishopreserves the image of Goddess Manasa as the chief deity for public worship. But this Manasaimage is being worshiped by the local people as Goddess Durga. The present article attempts to highlight thearttechniques and architectures with the religious importance of the Nilakanthesvara temple of Denua, Buddhsvara temple of Garhkaramala, Trivenisvara temple at Tiruna, and Durga temple at Narishoof Eastern Odisha. Both the primary and secondary sources aremethodologically utilized in the writing of present article.

Keywords:

Kalinga style, temple, architecture, Nilakanthesvara, Buddhesvara, EasternOdisha, India.

Paper Details
Month3
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 3
Pages6103-6112