EMPLOYEES AND COMMUNITY MEMBERS’ RATINGS OF ETHICAL PRACTICES BY LARGE SCALE BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS IN CROSS RIVER STATE
1Ajuluchukwu, Eunice Ngozi, Okute, Agnes Lawrence
This study determined employees and community members’ ratings of the extent of ethical practices by large scale business organizations in Cross River State. The extent of ethical marketing practices and ethical labour practices were studied. Two research questions guided the study while two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study was carried out in the 18 Local Government Areas in the State. The survey research design was used for the research. Two sets of questionnaires were used for data collection. The instruments were validated by three experts. The reliability of the instruments were determined by means of split half reliability technique. The reliability co-efficient of the questionnaires were determined using Pearson product moment correlation analysis. The reliability coefficient of questionnaire A is 0.85 while that of questionnaire B is 0.82. The population of the study is 2241. This population included 578 community members in the State and 1663 employees from the six organizations studied. The sample for the study is 466. This comprised 216 community members and 250 employees. The sampling technique used was the three stages multi- stage sample method. Data collected were analyzed using weighted mean scores for the research questions, One Way Analysis of Variance for hypotheses 1 and z-test statistics for hypothesis 2. The findings from the study revealed that the largescale business organizations in Cross River State practise ethical marketing practices and ethical labour practices to a small extent. Some recommendations were made which included that business organizations should sell acceptable products and treat customers and staff with respect, instead of giving importance only to those areas where they have material interest.
Employees, community members, ethical marketing practices, ethical labour practices and business organizations.