Linke between The Activity of Daily Living and the Sense of Control among Patients with Chronic Liver Disease
1Hawra'a Ghannam Abdel-Hussein Al-Nassar, Muntadher Salah Razzaq, Maha Salah Razzaq
Background: chronic liver disease (CLD) is growing annually and increases the mortality and morbidity in the world. It also a complex disease that determines of the human effective especially in the middle of ages and young people. In the recent decade, the number of people with the disease had increased about 550 million people worldwide because of viral infections alone, and the number rises when adding the rest of the other causes of the disease such as fatty liver disease, alcohol, immune diseases, metabolic disorders and cholestasis disease. Methodology: a descriptive correlational design is used through the present study in order to: assess the link Activities of Daily Living of Chronic Liver Disease Patients and their Sense of Control. The period of the study is from February, 14ᵗ ͪ ,2018 to May, 22ⁿ ͩ , 2018.The data were collected through the use of the Arabic version of the questionnaire and by means of the interview technique with patients in Gastroenterology and Hematology Center in Al-Sadder Medical City. The data collection process started from March, 4 ᵗ ͪ ,2018, to April, 5ᵗ ͪ , 2018. Results : the study results show that the overall assessment of patients' activities of daily living related to chronic liver disease is (independent), and the overall assessment of patients' sense of control is (moderate sense of control).In addition, the study results reveal that there is a significant and direct impact of the patients' activities of daily living on their sense of control which means that when the activities of daily living of patients increase, their sense of control increases as well and vice versa. Conclusions: the study concludes that the level of the activities of daily living for patients with chronic liver disease is good, and the level their sense of control is less than ideal. Besides, there is a direct effect of the patients' activities of daily living on their sense of control. Recommendations: the study recommends that further researches should be carried out to improve and explore effective methods to promote the activities of daily living of patients with chronic liver disease and their sense of control. In addition,a booklets containing an explanation and instructions about activities of daily living and sense of control of patients with chronic liver disease.
Activity of Daily Living, Sense of Control, Chronic Liver Disease.