ECOTOURISM MANAGEMENT OF ECO MARINE TOURISM MANGROVE (KOMMA) IN MUARA ANGKE, JAKARTA
1Adrie Frans Assa and Chablullah Wibisono *
Ecotourism concept is related to natural-based tourism activities with minimum negative impacts on the environment. In order to operate, an eco-tourism site must follow certain principles and accountabilities. This paper discusses the development strategy and sustainable development strategy of eco-tourism of Eco Marine Tourism Mangroves (KOMMA Mangrove Community, Mangrove Community) in Muara Angke, Jakarta. Problems will arise when the tourist and community do not have environmental awareness. Consequently, problems like ocean littering with garbage are arising. These problems hinder the development of eco-tourism in Eco Marine Tourism Mangroves. There are eight principles of eco-tourism developed by Wood (1999), which will later become the indicators of assessing the mangrove forest in this paper. The site is essential to be studied due to its innovation in environmental conservation by planting mangroves in the middle of the coastal waste heap, which becomes a waste destination of twelve rivers and ocean in Jakarta. Furthermore, KOMMA is managed by a local community and has a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program with two state-owned enterprises. The study uses qualitative methods with in-depth interviews as primary data collection and literature review as secondary data collection. The study results show that there are still several components of eco-tourism that still need to be taken into consideration by the management of KOMMA and the Government to improve the eco-tourism site. Among others, the components that need to be improved are the carrying capacity of the site, the efforts to minimize the antagonizing impacts of tourism activities, and some essential facilities.
Eco-tourism, sustainable, Eco Marine Tourism Mangrove.