REMOTE SENSING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT WITH GIS INFORMATION IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT

1Dr. R. Unnamalai

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Abstract:

This article portrays the topography and the general features of environment in the Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu. Further, a detailed analysis is made on climate, soil type ground water potential and land use pattern. This information may help the researcher and policy makers to corroborate and/or juxtapose their research. The spatial in formations are sophisticated instruments to analyze our environment particularly here these information cautioning that the environmental condition worsening day by day in the district. It clearing shows worsening condition occurred due to influence and also man's climatic change. To Save the resources the efforts of promoting sustainable environmental development activities are badly needed. The fast growth in population, urbanization, change in land use pattern in developing countries have resulted in damage of historical, biological, archeological, aesthetic, visual impacts and pollution in land, water, air and noise. There are needs of a tool which can be capable of complex analysis and produce an alternative plan. Therefore Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) are the latest technologies or support system or tool which will produce much more accurate results and perform various geographic analyses even in complex situations. Further, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a less accurate and time consuming because it has more dependant and independent variables which have to be taken in to account such as Land use, land price, population density, socio-economic level, road accessibility, railway accessibility, air quality, ground water quality, noise level, biological content, historical value, archeological and visual importance etc. Remote Sensing and GIS technique is more comfortable, easy and accurate and complete the EIA of any proposed developmental activity in less time. EIA require reports of potential impacts of any proposed activities. By utilizing GIS modeling tools, potential impacts can be predicted and included in the management and monitoring programs. GIS and remote sensing could be used in environmental monitoring for Land use / Land cover analysis, wetland assessment and ground water modeling, habitat mapping, disaster management etc. Thus, Remote Sensing and GIS techniques play a significant role in Environment Impact Assessment process for the proper management of environment.

Keywords:

GIS and Remote Sensing, Environmental Impact Assessment, Climate Change.

Paper Details
Month4
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 6
Pages14229-14240