A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Cardiac Rehabilitation among Cardiac Patients Admitted in Selected Hospital, Vadodara
1Ekta S Patel*, Riddhi Patel, Ruchita Patel, Shefali Patel and Narendrasinh Solanki
Abstract--- Background of the study: Cardiac Rehabilitation (Secondary Prevention programs) are reviewed as standard of care and implementing critically important treatment modalities for heightening the care of cardiac patients. Guidelines related to CR has stated that, it is beneficial in patients who are undergoing various heart related surgeries i.e. coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary stent placement and valve surgery. Implication of CR in these conditions proving advantageous clinical result. Involvement in CR has been shown to lessen morbidity and mortality, in a worthwhile manner. Objectives of the study: The objectives of this study was to assess existing knowledge of patients regarding cardiac rehabilitation, and to identify association between knowledge score with selected demographic variables. Material and method: An evaluatory research approach with descriptive research design was used. Total 60 Subjects were selected by using purposive sampling technique. The samples were patients who has been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Participants were informed about the study & written consent was taken prior to participation. The structured knowledge questionnaires were administered to assess knowledge regarding cardiac rehabilitation. The data was analyzed by using inferential and descriptive statistics. Result: While assessing the existing knowledge of patients regarding Cardiac Rehabilitation the majority of patients shows inadequate knowledge level. Out of 60 patients 63.33% were having inadequate knowledge, 36.67% were having adequate knowledge. While assessing the association between knowledge score with selected demographic variables, there was no significant association between knowledge score with selected demographic variable. So H1 has been fail to accept. Conclusion: The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness and to inspect the knowledge about existing knowledge regarding Cardiac Rehabilitation among patients. The study concluded that, participants were having inadequate knowledge regarding cardiac rehabilitation and require health care professional aid to enhance their knowledge, improve quality of life and decrease mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease.
Awareness, Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cardiac Patients.