Knowledge and Practice Regarding Vitamin-A and its Deficiency among Mothers of under Five Children

1Ekta M. Patel, S. Adithya, Priyasi M. Bhakta, Bhavika M. Prajapati, Priyanka V. Rathod and Yashvi M. Patel


Background of the Study: Health care of under five children has been markedly changed in developed countries. Vitamin-A deficiency is the second most important factor for global blindness. The under five children has prime importance, as the mortality and morbidity are higher in this group, due to vitamin deficiency disorders. Vitamin A deficiency is one of the most important causes of preventable childhood blindness and is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality from infections. The present study was conducted among mothers of Under five children to assess knowledge and practice regarding vitamin A & its deficiency. Material and Methods: Quantitative research approach with descriptive research design was used. To assess the knowledge regarding Vitamin A and its deficiency structured knowledge questionnaire was used. Through checklist practice regarding Vitamin A and its deficiency was identified. Results: The collected data was tabulated and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results shows that among majority of the samples (90%) were having poor, (8.71%) were having average and (1.28 %) were having good knowledge score. Majority of the samples (83%) have demonstrated poor practice and 17% have demonstrated good practice regarding Vitamin A and its deficiency. Conclusions: Significant low levels of knowledge and poor practice regarding vitamin A and its deficiency was found. Knowledge of food based vitamin A can make sustained improvements in knowledge and dietary practices. Hence, health care providers should be trained and encouraged to provide a more personalized health education to the mothers of Under Five Children to bring awareness regarding vitamin A and its deficiency.


Vitamin A, Vitamin A Deficiency, Under Five Children.

Paper Details
IssueIssue 5