Prevalence of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy among Type I Diabetes – An Observational Study

1C.V. Senthilnathan*, Jibi Paul, M. Manoj Abraham and M. Sasirekha

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Abstract:

Objective: The objective of this study is to find out the prevalance of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) among diabetics in Chennai. Background of the Study: DPN is the most common chronic and long term complications of diabetes mellitus and is considered as leading cause of mortality and morbidity rate, causing huge economic burden to the government. It is one of the serious microvascular complications of DM which has been diagnosed in 20-50% of diabetic population. Methodology: This is an cross sectional study with 100 patients selected by simple random sampling method. Those who were aged more than 30 years and diagnosed positive for type I diabetes atleast 1year duration with random blood sugar >200 mg/dl as per Indian council of medical research guidelines 2005. Those who are willing to participate, who had regular follow up visits for atleast 6 months were included in this study. The exclusion criteria are who have type 1 diabetes, gestational DM and maturity onset diabetes of the young, significant musculoskeletal disorder in lower limb, who underwent amputation of whole foot, below knee and above knee amputation, peripheral neuropathy due to any other cause. The prevalance of DPN among diabetics in chennai will be found out. Pre and post test done using DN4, S-LAANS, MNSI questionnaire. Result: The study was conducted in type 1 diabetes patient following results were obtained The prevalence was found using DN4, MNSI and S-LANSS questionnaire. The mean of DN4 was found to be 4.0800 and its significant with p<0.05. The mean of MNSI is about 7.62000 with significance p<0.05 and mean value of S-LANSS is 9.0600 with significance of p<0.05. The overall prevalance of diabetic peripheral nueropathy was found to be 30%.

Keywords:

Diabetes, Peripheral Neuropathy, DN4, S-LAANS, MNSI.

Paper Details
Month5
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 5
Pages6638-6644