Effect of Buteyko Method as a Respiratory Rehabilitation Technique on Patients' Lungs Capacities after Stroke
1Hussam Munther Jafar Al-Ibraheemi and Diaa K. Abd Ali
Cerebrovascular disorders is an umbrella term that refers to a functional abnormality of the central nervous system (CNS) that occurs when the normal blood supply to the brain is disrupted. Stroke is the primary Cerebrovascular disorder in the United States, and it is the third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer. A Study and Control Groups Pre-Test and Post-Test Quasi Experimental Design used to study the effect of Buteyko Method on lungs capacities of stroke patients, from the period of 15th October, 2017 to 9th September, 2018.A non-probability (purposive sample) of (50) stroke patients are included in the study. The sample distributed as study and control groups (30 patients for the study group and 20 patients for the control group). The study is conduct in Al-Najaf City/ Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Health Directorate/ Middle Euphrates Neuroscience Center. The data are collected by using questionnaire developed by the researchers to determine the effect of the Buteyko method on patients’ lungs capacities. questionnaire, which consists of three parts (1) Patients' Demographic data. (2) Patients' clinical data. (3) Lungs volumes. validity of the study instrument achieved through a panel of expert. While the reliability of the spirometery achieved through standardized the used spirometery with the spirometery used in the hospital. The data described statistically and analyzed through use of the descriptive and inferential statistical analysis procedures. The findings of the present study indicate that there is an improvement in the study group lungs' capacities compared with the control group patients'. The study concluded that the Buteyko method is an effective respiratory rehabilitation technique in improving the stroke patients' lungs capacities. The study recommends to an intensive comprehensive wide population-based (national level) studies could be conducted to determine the effectiveness of the nursing rehabilitation methods in improve the patients' health status and reduce the complications especially for patients with stroke.
Effect, Buteyko Method, Respiratory Rehabilitation, Lungs Capacities, Stroke.