Passive Construction of Batak Toba Language

1Tiarnita Maria Sarjani Siregar, Mulyadi

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Abstract:

This current study aims to describe the passive construction (PC) in one of the ethnic languages in Indonesia, the Batak Toba Language (BTL). The method used in this study is the listening method and notetaking techniques as an advanced technique of the listening method. The method of assessing the passive construction of the Batak Toba language is the sharing method. The result shows that passive sentence types cannot be separated from the discussion of passive verbs and this actually can only be recognized within the syntactic framework, namely in the construction of passive sentences. The complementary function in the Indonesian passive sentence is located to the right of the predicate, whereas in the Toba language the complementary function can be changed. The Indonesian canonical passive sentence types are (1) S-P-Pel and (2) S-P-Pel-K.

Keywords:

Passive construction, language, Batak Toba

Paper Details
Month5
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 8
Pages10659-10669