Family Determinants of Stunting in Indonesia: A Systematic Review

1*Maulin Halimatunnisa, Retno Indarwati, Masunatul Ubudiyah, Trihartuty, Ni Ketut Putri Martha Sari, Saverinus Suhardin


Malnutrition is a problem experienced by every country in the world, including Indonesia. The present study aimed to analyze family factors associated with stunting in Indonesia. Five databases (Scopus, Science Direct, EBSCO, ProQuest, and PubMed) were explored to find relevant articles published from 2015 to 2020. The Boolean search used "factor", "stunting", "parent" and "Indonesia" in the title, abstract, or keywords. Inclusion criteria were: original article in English; the source from journals; research sites in the Indonesia region; families with children < 5 years; and available in full text. This systematic review used PRISMA guidelines. The determinants were analyzed based on the WHO conceptual framework for stunting. We identified 541 articles, and 15 were considered relevant for this systematic review. The main research design for these 15 journals was cross- sectional. This review shows that stunting in Indonesia is still very high. Family factors related to stunting in Indonesia include low caregiver education, low household welfare, poor nutrition during pregnancy, poor sanitation, and inadequate water supply, a father who smokes, a young mother and poor parenting. The results of the study form the basis for developing family centered-care for stunting.


Child Growth, Family Factors, Stunting, Toddlers

Paper Details
IssueIssue 9