360 Degree Leadership and its Impact on Organizational Loyalty An Analytical Study by Heads of Sections of the Directorate General of Education / Baghdad-Karkh

1Uday Hussein Shaalan, Dr. Hadeel Kadhim Saaed, Dr. Alyaa saeed Aljoofi

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Abstract:

This study aims at testing the correlation and effect relationships of 360-degree leadership with its dimensions (communication skills, team development, decision-making, promotion of innovation and change) as the independent variable on the organizational loyalty with its dimensions (Affective Loyalty, Normative Loyalty, continuous loyalty) as the dependent variable. The descriptive analytical approach was applied on (75) participants comprising the officials running the sections of the third General Directorate of Education of Baghdad al-Karkh district, who in all, represent the research community (sample). A questionnaire was adopted as the main tool designed to collect data and (72) responses valid for statistical analysis were retrieved. Statistically speaking, the SPSS v23 was used along with appropriate statistical methods including the (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation, regression, coefficient of Cronbach, split-half reliability and Coefficient of Determination R2). Among the most prominent conclusions reached was the existence of a statistically significant correlation coupled with a noticeable positive effect of a statistical significance between the 360-degree with its dimensions and the organizational loyalty with its dimensions, in addition to the awareness of the research sample of the two variables along with their sub-dimensions, as well as their awareness of the big roles of communication skills, and of decisionmaking, and of innovation encouraging and change, in addition to the participants emotional and ethical commitment to their organization.

Keywords:

360 degree Leadership, organizational loyalty

Paper Details
Month5
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 10
Pages990-1010