Students’ Attitudes and Self-Efficacy towards the Use of Computer: Basis in the Achievement of Learning Outcome

1 Janet P. Cunanan

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Abstract:

In OBE, there’s a shift in education’s focus from Input-Based teacher centered “instruction” to outcomes-based learner centered educational paradigm. The study investigated computers’ usefulness, attitudes and self-efficacy as basis in learning outcomes’ achievement of students. Survey questionnaire based on Murphy scale (1989) probing students’ purpose, attitude towards computer and computer self-efficacy was used. For indepth analysis, Classroom Observation and Focus Group Discussion were employed. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Reliability Test. Results showed the most to least computer usage of students are games, internet surfing, video-making, presentations, e-mail, typing and maintaining files. Students’ attitudes towards computers were uncertain on the components; affective, perceived comfort, and behavioral intention, butthey knew the importance of using computers to achieve their learning goals and therefore they were confident of the effectiveness. Moreover, the students’ revealed their agreement on their self-efficacy, both in the beginners and advanced levels. Significant differences were observed between students’ self-efficacy when grouped according to frequency of computer usage and current computer classes. Correlation analysis showed positive correlation (r = + 0.135) between students’ gender and attitude toward computer, age and their self-efficacy (r = + 0.126) with Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.905. The result may serve as basis for curriculum development for an outcome-based learning.

Keywords:

Learning outcome, Computer usage, Attitude and Self- Efficacy

Paper Details
Month5
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 8
Pages3306-3316