Crafting Linear Motion Problems for Problem- Based Learning Physics Classes

1Siti Hajar Ramzan, Nor Farahwahidah Abdul Rahman* and Nor Suhailah Mohd


Problem Based Learning (PBL) is an inquiry based learning where student begin with an ill structured problem and regulate themselves for knowledge construction. Unlike the traditional approach, PBL attention is directed to students’ agency as knowledge constructor where it provides authentic experiences that promote active learning (to work cooperatively in a group), support knowledge construction (gather information across disciplines/subjects), and naturally integrate school learning with real life (to seek solution of real world). SMK SETA is one of the pioneer schools for implementing Problem-Based Learning (PBL) under STEM education initiative using low carbon as a theme. Crafting an ill structured problem of low carbon theme becomes a critical skill for the teachers where there is no formula on developing an effective problem. Teachers identify learning issues related to the low carbon theme, align them with the curriculum and comply in a lesson plan by principle of Constructive Alignment to adapt in PBL classes. Student of PBL are more likely to be active, creative, enthusiastic and work independently, while the teacher’s role is only as a facilitator. In line with the Malaysia Education Blueprint, PBL promotes 21st century learning, higher order thinking skills (HOTS) and improves the quality of STEM education in Malaysia. Therefore, assigning an ill structured problem during physics lesson invites students’ engagement to a real life experience because it helps to enhance students’ critical thinking skills, problem solving skills, and promotes life-long learning. Implementing PBL into lessons however is challenging particularly at the stage of problem crafting. The challenge to construct an ill structured problem become a huge obstacle for teachers to adopt PBL as their teaching strategy. This paper describes the process on how an ill structured problem can be constructed for PBL Physics classes. The problem has to trigger the interest of students and related to the Physics curriculum learning outcomes. This paper will discuss the strategic ways that can be employed in developing an ill structured problem. The discussion is directed to the issues, challenges and ways to overcome the challenges when crafting the ill structured problem for secondary level.


Problem-based Learning, Physics, Linear Motion, Crafting, Problem.

Paper Details
IssueIssue 5