The Correlation between Error Correction and Grammar Accuracy in Second Language Writing

1Shivan Mawlood Hussein and Hanife Bensen Bostanci

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Abstract:

Error correction is not considered as a recent arena in language acquisition. However, it has a great effect on the language education process, further error correction has a significant role in the process of learning languages. The aim of the current study is to improve student’s accuracy in terms of grammar which is an essential part in writing composition. This study is a quantitative study based on achieved data from pre-test writing composition and post-test writing composition in order to examine the grammar accuracy of students’ writing. The participants of the study were 72 EFL students in the Erbil/Iraq who were taking English language courses at Dwarozh institute for teaching and training. The findings illustrate that learners’ grammatical errors in the experimental group significantly decreased in the post-test, due to checking the instructors’ error correction and rewrite the pre-test composition in the correct format. In contrast, learners’ grammatical errors in the control group are not significantly decreased in the post-test while learners only checking the instructors’ error correction without rewrite the pre-test composition in the correct format. In conclusion, error correction can be measured as an effective feature in improving students writing skills. The intention of student’s feedback in writing composition is to improve learners’ writing skills in addition to provide learners with effective writing, minimum error, and maximum clarity.

Keywords:

Error Correction, Grammar Accuracy, Writing Composition, Language Acquisition.

Paper Details
Month4
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 5
Pages2980-2990