The Indian Textile Industry in Post Quota Era with Reference to Bangladesh

1Gaganjot Singh*, Dr. Mahesh Kumar Sarva and Dr. Nitin Gupta


Textile industry has a prodigious presence in the Indian economy. In aspects of its contribution to GDP, job creation and export earnings, it plays a significant role in shaping the growth trend of the Indian economy. During 1970-2004, a very famous trade instrument that is known as MFA was imposed by European Union and other developed countries. Multi-Fiber Arrangement was to allow time for the adjustment of developed countries to competition from developing countries, which could manufacture far cheaper the same textile goods. It heavily regulated the textile industry. Since the complete limitation of the MFA, Many folds have risen in competition, with some developing countries like Vietnam & Bangladesh are strong, while some others, including Philippines & Mexico, struggle to face up to this challenge. This study will address the effect on Indian textile industry of this trade arrangement. It analyzes the dynamics that enhances industry’s export performance in the post‐MFA period. To review the impact of post quota era on Indian textile sector Trade Intensity Index was used to determine the bilateral trade flow between India and Bangladesh in post quota era. The results show that the most important factors that contributed to Competitiveness on exports of apparel over the period after the MFA includes cheap labor, size of company, prices, foreign ownership, local raw material available, the manufacture of new products, preferred working conditions & market access. Following observations offer policymakers and business managers fresh insights into designing and implementing suitable policies to make textiles exports competitive.


Multi-Fiber Arrangement, Textile Industry, Trade Intensity Index, Bilateral Trade

Paper Details
IssueIssue 5