The Effect of Peer Groups on Society’s Stigma Perception of PWLA (People Living With HIV/AIDS) at Cakap Foundation Group WPA Turen

1Tri Nurhudi Sasono, Wiwit Dwi Nurbadriyah, Ronal Surya Aditya, Dina Ulyana

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Abstract:

PWLA is used to refer to people living with HIV/AIDS. It is not uncommon for PWLA to possess negative habits. The act of labeling or viewing them negatively has become a sort of social stigma. In its practice, the stigma may result in discrimination such as not recognizing PWLA as human beings worthy of dignity. One of the efforts to avoid such discrimination is through healthcare-related and educational approaches through peer groups with the aim of raising society’s awareness of HIV-AIDS. Therefore, PWLA can be accepted by society. The purpose of this study was to reduce the community's negative stigma towards PWLA. Pre-experimental action research with a one group pretest-posttest design was used in this study. The sample was selected using a simple random sampling technique. The independent variable was peer support and the dependent variable was the respondent's stigma. The data was collected using a questionnaire that had good validity and reliability. The data was collected using questionnaires focused on the results of the modified HIV stigma scale by Berger with as many as 40 items. The measurements were done 2 times with the 48 respondents who were people living with HIV-AIDS at CAKAP Foundation Talok Turen Village, Malang District. Peer group support was given 4 times for 1 month with 1-2 hours set aside for the meeting duration. The data was analyzed in a bivariate and comparative manner using the Wilcoxon signed rank test for normally undistributed data at a significance level of p<0.05. The results of the research show improvements in society’s perception with a positively valued difference (p=0.000) before and after the intervention. The conclusion on the change in society’s stigma perception of PWLA is consistent. Health education with a peer education intervention is effective when it comes to changing the perception of others in order to avoid stigma focused on PWLAs. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the frequency of the intervention and to conduct continuous health care education.

Keywords:

PeerGroup, Stigma, PWLA

Paper Details
Month4
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 7
Pages8791-8794