Nutritional Status and School Development in Children Aged 5 to 12

1Miladys Placencia López*, Sidar Edgardo Solórzano Solórzano, Arturo Andrés Hernández Escobar and Delia Georgina Bravo Bonoso

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Abstract:

Nutritional problems affect children's health. Insufficient nutritional status in childhood increases the risk of death, inhibits el cognitive development and can affect lifelong health. This problem affects the poorest socioeconomic strata in society; in school age, this result in learning problems and high dropout rates. The objective of this research was to determine the nutritional status and its impact on the school development of children between 5 and 12 years of age. A descriptive and observational type study was conducted in a sample of 22 children who met the inclusion criteria. The Research tools applied were surveys, interviews, and observation. The Body Mass Index was calculated as a measure of children's nutrition status. The analysis found that nutritional status had a negative impact on children’s school years. Overweight and obesity affect approximately 70% of children. This result was related to the excessive consumption of sweets and frying. Demotivation, poor academic performance and non-compliance with tasks are direct consequences of the negative feeding habits shown by students.

Keywords:

Body Mass Index, Cognitive Development, Nutritional Status, Obesity, Overweight.

Paper Details
Month3
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 5
Pages1579-1586