Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Combined with Mindfulness for a Case of Severe Sleep Bruxism and Social Anxiety in an Elderly Woman: A Single Case Study for 6-Month Follow-up

1Ricardo Silva Dos Santos Durães*, Camila Tarif Ferreira Folquitto and Antonio De Pádua Serafim

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Abstract:

The purpose of the present study was to describe the case of a 73-year-old elderly woman patient with severe sleep bruxism and social anxiety treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy combined with mindfulness and social skills training. Single case was assessed in pre- and post-intervention and 6-month follow-up. The treatment was carried out for 21 sessions of 60 minutes of psychotherapy in a school-clinic. The following measures were used: Questionnaire for Detecting Sleep Bruxism (QDSB), The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS), and daily measures. Results indicated improvement for all variables: reduction in sleep bruxism episodes, anxiety and stress levels and improvement in humor level. In summary, these significant changes in patient’ well-being and quality of life were evident. Therefore, cognitive-behavioral therapies such as psychotherapy, physical exercise and lifestyle changes, which are aimed at stress and anxiety reduction, may be auxiliary in the treatment of sleep bruxism.

Keywords:

Cognitive-behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness, Sleep Bruxism, Social Anxiety, Elderly Woman.

Paper Details
Month3
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 5
Pages1145-1155