The Development of Early Literacy Skills Indicators (ELSI) for Children Aged 3+ to 4+ Years

1Juppri Bacotang*, Zainiah Mohamed Isa, Mazlina Che Mustafa and Siti Farhana Md. Yasin

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Abstract:

This study aimed to develop an Early Literacy Skills Indicators (ELSI) to assess early literacy skills which includes five components, namely language and communication, concept of print and environmental print; phonemic and phonetic; reading and narrative comprehension, and early writing for children aged 3+ to 4+ years. The development of ELSI design was based on the ADDIE-ELSI Model which consists of five stages; Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The researchers analyzed documents, and involved three experts, 43 educators and 40 children aged 3+ to 4+ years as respondents for data collection. This study succeeded in developing ELSI with emphasis on principles such as authentic, balanced and integrated, standardized, individual, and interactive. ELSI has good content validity, difficulty index and discrimination index in assessing children’s early literacy skills. In conclusion, ELSI was developed systematically and empirically, and could accurately assess early literacy skills of children aged 3+ to 4+years.

Keywords:

Early Literacy Skills, Early Childhood, Authentic Assessment, Addie Model.

Paper Details
Month3
Year2020
Volume24
IssueIssue 5
Pages632-644