Modeling and Control Design of an Autonomous Hybrid Wind/Energy Storage Generation Unit
1Shiref A. Abdalla*, Hasmah Mansor, Nurul F. Hasbullah and Ahmad M. Kassem
The purpose of the present paper is to investigate a controller design and simulations of autonomous hybrid wind turbine system with variable-speed permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) and a system for storing energy. The proposed system is mainly composed of a wind turbine drives permanent magnet synchronous generator, uncontrolled rectifier, DC/DC converter, DC/AC inverter and static loads. Furthermore, the mathematical model of the studied sub-systems and two control loops are considered. The first one is the controller which needed to preserve the DC-link voltage fixed at its desired value. The second one is the controller which needed to regulate the charge/discharge modes of the storage battery. The suggested hybrid wind/energy storage power generation model is considered and analyzed in case of without controller firstly. Then, the considered hybrid wind/energy storage power generation unit with the proposed controller is examined through a step change in wind speed. Digital simulation results show that the power desired by the linked loads may be successfully supplied and transported by the presented hybrid wind turbine and energy storage power generation system based on proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller. Also, the emulation results show that there a good foretelling of the electrical variable waveforms and good achievement in case of the presented controller emulated with the case of without controller as maintaining the load voltage fixed at its reference values.
Hybrid Wind/storage Generation Unit, PID Control, Stand-alone Power System, Wind Power, Energy Storage.