Valorization of Cherry and Date seeds residue towards valuable bio-based fuel via thermal pyrolysis approach
1Ahmed Mousa Khalaf
Valorization of Cherry and Date seeds residue towards valuable bio-based fuel via thermal pyrolysis approachare rethinking the ways of producing, distributing and consuming energy, as sustainable development must be increasingly incorporated in industrial, commercial and domestic centres.Sustainable processes, use of residues from biomass and its processing, synthesis of new materials and production of biofuels residue towards valuable bio-based fuel via thermal pyrolysis approachare niches that can be fully correlated. This work brings this correlation, focusing on even more integrated production chains.Production of biofuels from residual biomass can also create by-products, even on the basis of sustainability and resource use, as in the case of the gasification procedure, in which biting and incrustations of the equipment can lead to a decrease in the performance by-product, consisting mainly of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. There are therefore two parts of this work: the first is to get a liquid (bio-oil) phase by thermal cracking the tar, and the other, to produce a solid (coal) phase; and, the second, to utilise beer bagasses to obtain charcoal by pyrolysis. In order to include the sulphontate group in their structures, both solid products were submitted for a sulphonation procedure. Several methods for Valorization of Cherry and Date seeds residue analysis, including elemental testing, have shown sulphonation effectiveness and have shown up to a hundred times the amount of sulphur compared with the pre-operation material. As a heterogeneous catalyst, sulphonated tar coal was then used in the esterification and transesterification of oleic acid. With both alcohols, both methods achieved a 100% transformation (methyl and ethyl alcohol).
Valorization of Cherry, Date seeds residue, valuable bio-based fuel via thermal pyrolysis approach