METAMEMORY AMONG SIGHTED AND NON-SIGHTED INDIVIDUALS.
1Prof. Abdelnaser Al-Jarrah,Dr. Ahmad Al-Shreffen,Tamara Al Mehlej
The purpose of this study was to examine the level of metamemory among sighted and non-sighted individuals, and to find the difference between them according to their gender. We used Troyer and Rich’s Meta-Memory Scale to assess meta-memory levels among groups of sighted and non-sighted individuals in Jordan. Two hundred and fifty individuals’ participants in this study, 99 participants were non-sighted (50 males, 49 females). The study results showed that Strategies sub-scale was in the first order (medium level) for both sighted and non-sighted students. In the second order was the contentment sub-scale. The ability sub-scale was last (low level). Non-sighted individuals' mean on the strategies sub-scale was significantly higher than for sighted people. While there was no difference between the mean scores of sighted non-sighted groups on the contentment and ability sub-scales, neither, there were any differences between males and females on the three sub-scales. The study highlights the need to empower sighted and non-sighted to use different memory strategies.
Meta-memory, sighted subjects, non-sighted Subject