EXECUTIVE FUNCTION AND EMOTION REGULATION IN PATIENT WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA
1Radha, Satyadhar Dwivedi
The executive function (EF) is a part of the frontal lobe of the brain. It is a set of capabilities, which permit individuals to implore voluntary control of their behavioral responses. These functions enable human beings to develop and carry out plans, makeup analogies, obey social rules, solve problems, adapt to unexpected circumstances, do many tasks simultaneously, and locate episodes in time and place. On the other hand,Emotion regulation refers to the processes by which a person influences which emotions he has, when he has them, and how he experiences and expresses them (Gross, 1998).Emotion regulation involves changes in “emotion dynamics” or the latency, rise time, magnitude, duration, and offset of responses in behavioral, experiential, or physiological domains (Thompson, 1991).Objective:To investigate the relationship between the executive function and emotional regulation in patients with schizophrenia.Methods: Present study is the cross-sectional correlation design. The subjects in the study included 40 adult patients out of which 20 female patients and 20 male patients having a diagnosis of schizophrenia according to the criteria of ICD10 were selected by purposive sampling. The information was collected by neuropsychological testing and psychological testing. Results: In this study, results revealed that cognitive reappraisal is positively correlated with the number of categories completed on WCST and word scores on the Stroop color-word test. Conclusion:schizophrenia is a chronic illness, patients with schizophrenia have a lack of the ability to regulate their emotions. Emotional dysregulation is present at experiential, processing, and expressing levels, exacerbating distress and social dysfunction experienced. On the other hand, patients have difficulty carrying plans, makeup analogies, and solve problems.
Executive Functions, Emotional Regulation, and Schizophrenia