Biodiesel Production from Ceiba Pentandra Oil via Transesterification in Situ: Kinetics Study & Characterization
1*Azhari Muhammad Syam, Ishak Ibrahim, Jalaluddin, Bustami, Zulfikar
Biodiesel, as biodegradable and alternative fuel which is obtaining a great attention compared to fossil-based fuel for diesel engine application. Many crop oils have been used as raw material of biodiesel. In this study, Ceiba Pentandra oil is identified as potential crop for biodiesel feedstock. The method of biodiesel production has been extensively studied by many researchers. Thus, the aim of this research work is to investigate the kinetics study of Ceiba Pentandra glycerides which is converted into alkyl esters compounds under alcohol and alkaline condition via transesterification in situ, and characterization of biodiesel. The results of this work showed that the path way of reaction follows the first order reaction. The values of reaction rate constants between 0.34-0.45 min-1. The reaction activation energy is 34.36kJ mol-1. The effect of temperature on the reaction path way is indicated by high value of activation energy of reaction.
ceiba pentandra, biodiesel, kinetics study