Problems of Comparative-typological Research of Phonostylistics of the Russian and Uzbek Languages (On the Material of Phono-Variants of Words)
In this article, the basics of a comparative typological study of segmental phonostylistics of the Russian and Uzbek languages are developed, special attention is paid to the disclosure of structural-linguistic, linguo-stylistic, cognitive-semantic and linguocultural features of phono phrases. Due to the fact that the few studies on phonostylistics that exist in modern linguistics are mainly of a monolingual nature, one of the difficult tasks is to develop the principles of a comparative typological study of phonostylistics of heterogeneous systems; a certain complexity is the analysis and inventory of phonostylistic means, which determine the study of the correspondence of their formal-substantive units at the phonetic level of stylistic resources, the definition of typical features, characteristic of the sound stylistics of these languages, the establishment of is omorphism and allomorphism of the stylistic resources of their sound system; a difficult task is to develop the theoretical foundations and methods of cognitive-semantic and linguocultural analysis of phonostylistic units due to the lack of traditions of such a description. The article proposes a new solution to the actual linguistic problem - the definition of common and specific features of segmental phonostylistics of the Russian and Uzbek languages, as well as structural-linguistic, linguo-cognitive and linguocultural prerequisites for the functioning of phonostylistic means depending on the socio-pragmatic and stylistic conditions of verbal communication; relevance is associated with the disclosure of the problems of the sounding text and its individual stylistic units, taking into account mental representations of both linguistic and extralinguistic structures of knowledge. In the work, the author defines the status of phonostylistics in modern linguistics and aspects of its study; criteria are established for distinguishing phonostylistic units and phonostylistic means of the language; revealed isomorphic and allomorphic properties of the functioning of segmental phonostylistic means in the words of native Russian, native Uzbek and foreign origin in Russian and Uzbek languages; the features of the presentation of phonostylistics in the dictionaries of compared languages are analyzed. The basic premises of linguistic-cognitive and linguistic-cultural analysis of segmental phonostylistics are developed and described. A psycholinguistic study of the semantics of phono-phonetic words in the Russian and Uzbek languages was conducted. The author has identified the main trends in the evolution of the functioning of stylistically colored phono-phrases of words in the Russian and Uzbek languages.
phonostylistics, pronunciation style, phonostylem, phono-variant, pronunciation option, phonostylistic means, changing the phonemic composition of the word, stylistic coloring