Innovation in the Processes of Reforming the Higher Education System in Uzbekistan
The paper presents foreign experience and various models of higher education in developed countries. The aspects of foreign experience in terms of possible use in the country are singled out. Proceeding from this and requirements of reforms on democratization and liberalization, the problems facing the higher education system in Uzbekistan are revealed. The main systems of education in the world, which have developed under the influence of historical, economic and social factors, characterized in each country by a number of features, are described. The author has attempted to formulate the contours of a new educational and innovation model for Uzbekistan. According to the author, the differentiated nature of higher education enables any person to receive education and master a specialty depending on practical needs. It is assumed that the practice of accelerated training of specialists on narrow topics will be significantly expanded. The paper outlines possible directions for improving the higher education system based on foreign experience. Advanced pedagogical technologies, which increase the degree of innovation in the educational process, are presented. The article also deals with the importance of internationalization of education related to the globalization of the economy, which implies the transition to the international level of education, the expansion of scientific contacts, cooperation and consolidation of efforts in solving scientific problems.
quality of education, socio-cultural model, innovation process, extensive and intensive model, sociology.