Evaluation of the Effect of Education based on Pender Health Promotion Model on Selfefficacy and Quality of Life in Patients with Leukemia Referred to the Clinics of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
1Maryam Zeydani, Fariba Ghodsbin*, Zahra Keshtkaran
Introduction & Objective: Leukemia as a disease can reduce the quality of life and self-efficacy of patients. Educational program as a part of the care program leads to health-promoting behaviors. Thus, this research was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effect of education based on Pender Health Promotion Model on self-efficacy and quality of life in patients with Leukemia. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental interventional study conducted on 54 patients with Leukemia. Data were collected using four questionnaires, Demographic Information Questionnaire, Pender Health Promotion Model Components Questionnaire, Self-efficacy Questionnaire, and Quality of Life Questionnaire. After collecting the data, they were analyzed in SPSS24 software using descriptive statistics, mean, standard deviation, frequency and paired t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, repeated measure, chi-square, and ANOVA tests. Results: The research results revealed that the score of self-efficacy and quality of life increased significantly (p <0.001) immediately after and one month after education compared to before intervention (p <0.001). In addition, in the intervention group, there was a direct and significant relationship between quality of life and self-efficacy scores immediately and one month after the intervention and Pender health promotion scores immediately and one month after the intervention (P <0.05). Conclusion: The research results suggested that the use of educational intervention based on Pender health promotion model can improve the self-efficacy of patients with regard to self-care behaviors and improve the quality of life in patients with Leukemia.
Education, Pender Model, Self-efficacy, Quality of Life, Leukemia