Knowledge & Factors Associated with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Reproductive Age Group Women of Selected Rural Versus Urban Areas of Vadodara

1Vruti Patel*, Rachana Pandya and Hetal Patel


Background of the Study: Polycystic ovaries are slightly larger than normal ovaries and have the number of follicles (small cysts). Polycystic ovarian syndrome produces symptoms in approximately 5% to 15% of women of Reproductive age 16 to 35 year old. The prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome depends on the choice of diagnostic criteria. About 18% of women had PCOS, and that 70% of were previously undiagnosed. Aims: The aim of the study was to compare the Knowledge & factors Associated with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Reproductive age group women of selected Rural versus Urban areas of Vadodara. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional comparative descriptive survey design and quantitative approach was adopted to achieve the goal of the study. The study was conducted at three villages of Waghodia taluka and two urban areas of Vadodara, Gujarat. Total 200 reproductive aged women were recruited 100 subjects taken in each group by non probability convenient sampling method. Self structured knowledge questionnaire and checklist were utilized to assess knowledge and factors associated with PCOS. Result: Out of 200 subjects, the prevalence of PCOS was 12.3% (24). The mean percentage of knowledge score in urban women was 58.8% while in rural women it was 43.86%. Majority Factors associated which affect the polycystic ovarian syndrome of Reproductive age group women. The researchers have identified that abnormal hair growth, family history of diabetes, acne, irregular menstruation, BMI > normal and high calorie diets are more prevalent factors among subjects. More than 3/5th urban women having factors associated with PCOS and 2/5th rural having factors associated with PCOS. Conclusion: Study concluded that women from urban area were having higher knowledge as compare to rural area. Frequency of factors associated with PCOS also found to be high in urban setting.


Comparison, Knowledge, Factor Associated, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Reproductive Age Group Women, Rural and Urban Area.

Paper Details
IssueIssue 5

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