A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Plan Teaching Program on Knowledge Regarding New Born Care among Postnatal Mothers
1Rupal J. Patel, G. Bindhumol*, Miteesha S Pavagadhi, Krupa B. Patel, Aarti M. Damor and Mujib I. Dudhwala
Background of the study: The new-born arrival is one of the most fabulous moments of life for the parents and family. Principally the mother is the primary person to take more responsibility to care the precious gift of the new born in order to reduce the mortality and morbidity. The global issue of Neonatal Mortality Rate is approximately more than 3.3 million in the world. According to World health organization, only five countries account for more than half of new born deaths viz., India, Nigeria, Pakistan, China and Democratic Republic of Congo. The 98% of neonatal mortalities occur in developing regions, 28% in the least developed countries. In India, out of 26 million babies born, around 0.75 million new born died in every year; it’s highest for any country in the world. Among this 56 % occur mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Aim of the study: The present study aimed to assess the knowledge regarding new born care among postnatal mothers Material and methods:In this study an evaluative research approach was pre-experimental one group pretestpost test research design, The sampling techniques was non probability convenience sampling used to collect the data from 40 samples of post natal mothers and data collection done by administrating the structured questionnaire. Description and interferential statistic was used to analysed the data such as Frequency, Percentage and chi-square test. Results: In the pretest 28% samples were having inadequate level of knowledge, 72% samples were having Adequate level of knowledge, 00% samples were having Excellent level of knowledge regarding new born care. So, it revealed that they need the new born care knowledge to overcome the poor knowledge level. In the posttest 5% samples were having inadequate knowledge, 18%samples were having Adequate knowledge, 77% samples were having Excellent knowledge level for new born care. The chi square was used to identify association between selected demographic variable and level of knowledge at significant at 0.05 level. According to demographic variable of Age of mother, Education, Parity, Type of delivery, Age of child, Type of family, Weight of child were non-significant at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of plan teaching programme among 40 postnatal mothers. The finding of the study concluded that majority of postnatal mothers were having inadequate level of knowledge. The plan teaching programme was effective among postnatal mothers in improving knowledge significant at 0.05 level regarding new born care.
Knowledge, New Born Care, Post Natal Mothers.