A phenomenological approach to psychological treatment for the multidisciplinary care of chronic back pain
1Cecchi F, Gagliano F, Paperini A, Buoncristiani M, Lotti G, Casale S and Lera S
Purpose. Evidence-based guidelines recommend multidisciplinary treatment of chronic back pain (CBP), making reference to the biopsycho- social model and to recent theories of emotions. This paper aims at providing a systematic description of a psychological intervention based on a phenomenological approach within the multidisciplinary treatment of CBP. Methods. Starting form the theory of disfunction in CBP and the theory of treatment, we describe here the theoretical framework and process components of a short-term, emotionally focused psychological intervention, to explain the choice we made to use a phenomenological approach to illness and pain, in terms of group context into the patients’ rehabilitation care pathway. Conclusions. A phenomenological approach within the multidisciplinary treatment of CBP aims at the recognition of the subjective experience of illness, emotions associated to the illness and individual ways to communicate pain, with the ultimate intended outcome of relieving pain-related psychological distress and improving pain management. A systematic description of this approach may facilitate its integration in clinical practice.
chronic pain, multidisciplinary treatment, phenomenological model, theoretical study