Coping Mechanism Versus Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Among Methadone Maintance Treatment (MMT) Program Participants
1Pei Lin Lua and Talib Nor Samira
There is evidence that coping strategy could be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people with life threatening illnesses. However, such information from opioid abusers is still insufficient and limited. This study aimed to 1) describe the overall HRQoL status and preferred coping strategies, 2) correlate between HRQoL and coping mechanisms and 3) compare coping strategies of patients with different HRQoL levels. A convenient sample of opiate abusers from seven Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) centres in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia was enrolled. The Malay Brief COPE and WHOQOL-BREF were administered to evaluate coping strategies and HRQoL status. Data was analysed using descriptive and non-parametric statistics (SPSS 16). Sixty patients participated (mean age=34.7 years; < 15 years of addiction=51.7%; employed=91.7% and rural residents=65.0%). Overall, they fared the best physically but reported worse HRQoL in Environmental issues. Religion was the most preferred coping strategy (83.4%). Significant positive associations between Overall HRQoL versus Religion and Planning were detected (rs=+0.34, p<0.01; rs=+0.30, p<0.05 respectively). Environment issue was also significantly linked to Instrumental Support and Positive Reframing (rs=+0.38, p<0.01; rs=+0.31, p<0.05 respectively). Social Relationship and Physical Functioning were negatively correlated with Denial (rs=-0.40, p<0.01; rs=-0.26, p<0.05 respectively). Those with poor HRQoL employed Denial significantly more frequently (Total Score < sample median). MMT patients frequently adopted Religion, Planning, Positive Reframing and Instrumental Support as coping strategies in dealing with their addiction problems however, those coping through Denial were associated with poor HRQoL status.
Coping, health-related quality of life, methadone maintenance treatment