EFFICACY OF FLUORIDE VARNISH TO MINIMIZE ACTIVE CARIES AMONG CHILDREN
1Dr. Uddipan Kumar, Dr. Pragya Thakur
The efficacy of fluoride varnish (5 percent NaF, Duraphat®, Colgate) coupled with caregiver counselling to prevent early children caries was investigated in a two-year randomised, dental examiner-masked clinical trial. Initially, 400 low-income children without caries were recruited (mean age, standard deviation, 1.8 0.6 years). Everyone was assigned to one of three groups: no fluoride varnish, fluoride varnish once a year, or fluoride varnish twice a year. Some children received less active fluoride varnish than was advised due to an unforeseen event. Fluoride varnish had a protective impact on caries incidence in intent-to-treat trials, with a p value of 0.01.A dose-response effect was identified with a p value of 0.01 when the number of real, active fluoride varnish treatments received was investigated. The 'counselling only' group had a higher rate of caries than the 'counselling + fluoride varnish assigned once/year' (OR = 2.20, 95 percent CI 1.19-4.08) and 'twice/year' (OR = 3.77, 95 percent CI 1.88-7.58) groups. There were no side effects reported. Fluoride varnish has been shown to be effective in lowering the incidence of early childhood caries when used in conjunction with caregiver counselling.
randomized controlled trial, dental caries, preventive, fluorides, preschool child.