DESCRIPTION OF HEAVEN AND HELL IN THE BOOK OFTANBÎHAL-GHÂFILÎN BY ABU AL-LAITS AL-SAMARQANDI: INTERTEXTUAL STUDY OF THE ROLAND BARTHES MODEL
Fadlil Munawwar Manshur
This study aims to reveal the description of heaven and hell in the book of Tanbîh alGhâfilîn written by Al-Samarqandi. This study is using phenotext and genotext method. The phenotext method is a verbal phenomenon as it presents itself in the structure of concrete statements. Meanwhile, the genotext method is used to understand texts that have unlimited possibilities that are substratum for actual texts. By using these two methods, this research found out that the author successfully described heaven's condition which is very beautiful, enchanting, and pleasing with aims that the reader of the book can be moved to always draw closer to God in order he will eventually become an inhabitant of heaven. The author also succeeds in describing the horrific, frightening, and terrible conditions of hell with aims that the reader of the book can distance himself from despicable and ungodly deeds, therefore he will later avoid the torment of hellfire.