A Review on Occupational Health and Safety Management
Bibhuti B Pradhan, Sasanka S Mishra
In reviewing the latest research on "occupational health and safety" (OHS), this paper states that the increase in the number of OHS specialists has resulted in a focus on practice and policy away from more academic concerns earlier addressed by academics in sociology and psychology disciplines. There has been a hiatus, and this is demonstrated by the lack of management studies, although OHS is progressively used as a key business organizations administrative and tactical concern. This review assesses the contributions of sociology, psychology, management studies and industrial relations, and analyses five categories of specialist OHS literature, namely: systematic OHS management; prescriptive; success-based; disaster and error based; and climate, culture, and high-reliability research. The philosophical and methodological limitations of such a professional orientation are addressed, and future research prospects are outlined, for which the writers suggest that a variety of methodological approaches be adopted by management scholars.