Effects of Body Shape Correction and Resistance Exercise on the Vascular Elasticity and Inflammatory Response in Obese Middle-aged Women
Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of 12 weeks body correction and resistance exercise on vascular elasticity and inflammatory response reactions of obese middle-aged women, and provide basic data for improving obesity in efficient obese middle-aged women. Methods/Statistical analysis: The subjects of this study were obese middle-aged women living in Seoul, Korea. The body shape correction exercise of the experimental group consisted of stretching the muscles around the spine around the stretching, using props and the like. In addition, resistance exercise was able to maintain the exercise intensity of more than 60% based on 1RM in consideration of the exercise intensity of the study subjects. Exercise intensity was adjusted in units of 4 weeks. 60 minutes three times per week for 12 weeks. Warm-up and cool-down exercises consisted of 10 minutes each and 40 minutes of main exercise. In the data processing, descriptive statistics were presented for each measurement item and a 2-way RGRM ANOVA was conducted to examine the interaction effects between groups. Findings: The results have shown significant interaction effects in Vascular Elasticity(right and left hands, right and left feet) and the Inflammatory Response(CRP, IL-6). Improvements/Applications: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12-weeks of body shape correction and resistance exercise on vascular elasticity and inflammatory response of obese middle-aged women. This study suggests that body correction and resistance exercise have positive effects on vascular elasticity and inflammatory response index. Therefore, 12 weeks of body correction and resistance exercise program proved that it can prevent and improve obesity and cardiovascular disease by effectively improving vascular elasticity and inflammatory response index. Considering these aspects, it is recommended to develop a variety of further exercise programs which combine body correction and resistance exercise.