Electronic Voting Research Papers in Web of Science: A Bibliometric Analysis
The main aim of the paper is to investigate and recognize trends in Electronic Voting research at an international level. Retrieval of the data was from the database of Web of Science on the topic Electronic Voting that covered the period from 1988- 2020 to identify useful contributions that have been produced and published in the respective field. A total of 994 data records were retrieved from the database. Several trends predominating in Digital Voting research including well known contributing countries, adopted patterns of the authorship, the degree of co-authorship, cross-country co-authorship, prominent sources for research publication, recognition of research in course of citation trends like average citation per year, top-cited papers, citations received/citations per paper, etc. were discovered by analysis of the data. There have been constructive growth in the literature since 1988 as revealed by the analysis. As evident from the analysis, half of the research output was contributed by the five countries – USA, England, China, Spain, and Germany with a total of 491 journals published. When it comes to the effectiveness of the papers, Denmark leads with a PEI of 4.87. It is followed by Canada with PEI of 4.60 and Scotland with PEI of 2.80. Most of the journals belong to Computers Science and Political Science categories of Web of Science. Also, the number of times these papers are cited per year is increasing rapidly for the given duration. This shows there is an increase in research in the field of Digital Voting. COVID-19 pandemic can be made accountable for the irregularity in the trend in 2020 that has halted the research in the field. On performing linear regression, it was observed that we can expect positive growth in the number of citations in the coming years.