Fundamental Principles of Pain Assessment and Management
Dr. Shaswat Kumar Pattnaik, Dr. Sudeep Mohapatra
Pain is an individual experience and a dynamic phenomenon that is affected by psychological, biological and social factors Pain can be acute or chronic, and can endure even when the tissue has been healed. Any suffering that influences physical function, psychosocial function or other quality of life factors is regarded as a significant issue. Evaluation of pain and recording the effects of any treatments are basic principles of effective pain management. There may be use of both nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments to alleviate the patient's experience of pain. This research provides an overview of the causes, nature, and function of acute, chronic, and neuropathic pain treatment. Differences are identified between nociceptive and neuropathic pain, and treatment options. The functions of the pain management provider are explained in the sense that the experience of pain for an individual is the product of psychological, biological, and social factors. This paper discusses the biology and pharmacology of pain, how people experience pain, and how acute and chronic pain treatments function and also provide advice on pain management under challenging circumstances.