EVALUATION OF ORAL HEALTH STATUS BASED ON ORAL HYGIENE PRACTICES IN CHILDREN-A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
Nor Syakirah binti Shahroom, Jessy,Iffat Nasim
Good oral hygiene practices are recommended by the dentist to prevent oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal diseases. Brushing twice daily with fluoridated toothpaste is the primary preventive method to maintain good oral hygiene and found to be the most effective hygiene practice. A retrospective study was conducted to assess the association between oral hygiene and the frequency of tooth brushing among children visiting a dental hospital. 531 participants between 7-12 years of age were selected randomly for this study. Data variables including socio-demographic data such as age and gender, oral hygiene practices including frequency of brushing and type of toothpaste used were recorded. Oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) were also recorded. All the data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test. The study revealed that those who brushed twice daily had a lower OHI-S score which was statistically significant with p<0.05. A statistically significant difference was found between the type of toothpaste and OHI-S score with p<0.05 . The children who brushed using fluoridated toothpaste had lower OHI-S scores. There was also a statistically significant difference between gender and frequency of brushing with p<0.05 in which females had good oral hygiene practice compared to males. Thus, it can be concluded that there was a significant association between oral hygiene and the frequency of tooth brushing. Brushing twice daily with fluoridated toothpaste is proven to improve oral health.
Volume: Volume 23
Issues: Issue 5
Keywords: Calculus score; Debris score; Duration; Frequency of toothbrushing; Fluoridated toothpaste; Oral hygiene.